Secular, traditional, and religious beliefs affect how people view AIDS/HIV. Beliefs about personal identity, sexuality, and morality will also form a basis on how people are going to relate with the infected and affected. The ideals and interpretation (meanings) of AIDS to different people will be seen in the framework of transgression, stigma, and punishment, or of opportunity and risk. Religious and cultural leaders have proven to be instrumental in influencing how AIDS and HIV are viewed in the communities.