Most African countries are undertaking measures and programs to help in curbing the spread of HIV and AIDS. Strategies include using the political and community leadership to fight the spread of the disease. For example, Senegal has been successful in using the political elites as well as community leaders to educate the population about AIDS and HIV (UNAIDS 1999). Senegal currently has one of the lowest prevalence in Africa.  Other countries that have been successful in reducing the prevalence of HIV and AIDS in the continent include Kenya, Uganda, and Burkina Faso (UNAIDS 2009).

Another strategy used includes the use of condoms. Government in Africa are advocating for use of condoms as a measure of preventing spread of the virus. Research carried out between 2001 and 2005 showed that eight out of eleven countries in Africa reported a gradual increase in use of condoms (UNAIDS, 2006).

Other methods applied in the region include VCT (Voluntary counseling and Testing) and PMCT. It is reported that close to 300,000 in the region were infected with the virus in 2009 (UNAIDS, 2010). Most of these infections occurred during pregnancy, during birth or while breastfeeding. This has made it important for people to visit the VCTs and know their HIV status and if infected take the necessary measures to reduce the risk of the unborn baby being infected (UNAIDS, 2006).